Grand fir (Abies grandis) belongs to the family Pinaceae (the Pine family). It is a tall evergreen tree that is native from southern British Columbia south to along coast California. This tree grows in valleys and mountain slopes, and it can reach 30-60 m in height. The crown is narrow, pointed with slightly drooping branches. The bark is brown and becoming deeply furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. The leaves are needles, shiny dark green above, silvery white beneath, and spreading almost at right angles in two rows. The fruits are cylindrical cones and upright on topmost twigs.