Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) belongs to the Rosaceae (the Rose family). It is a small deciduous shrub that is native to eastern North America, ranging from Canada to the central United States. This tree has been introduced and is cultivated in Europe. This shrub grows well in the sun and part-shade, forming clumps, and up to a height of 90-180 cm. The leaves are obovate, glossy dark green, and will turn red in the fall. The white or pink flowers bloom at the end of spring and produce black fruits in September. They have strong astringent taste.