はんかいそう (樊噲草) [Index] [Back]

Ligularia japonica

Ligularia japonica

Ligularia japonica

Ligularia japonica

わが国の本州、静岡県以西から四国・九州それに台湾や朝鮮半島、中国に分布しています、山地のやや湿ったところに生え、高さは70~150センチになります。根生葉は長い葉柄があり大きく、掌状に分裂します。茎葉は3個が互生し、基部は茎を抱きます。6月から7月ごろ、花茎の先端の散房状花序に、直径10センチほどの黄色い頭花を咲かせます。和名は、前漢時代のはじめに生きた武将「樊噲(はんかい)」に因みます。 
キク科メタカラコウ属の多年草で、学名は Ligularia japonica。
英名はありません。 
The "Hankai-so" (Ligularia japonica) belongs to the family Asteraceae (the Aster family). It is a perennial herb that is native from Shizuoka-prefecture of Honshu west to Shikoku and Kyushu, as well as Taiwan, the Korean Penunsula and China. This herb grows in montane wettish places, and it can reach 70-150 cm in height. The basal leaves are large and divided into palmetely with long petioles. The cauline leaves are alternate, three per bundle and enfold stems. The yellow flower-heads, about 10 cm across, bloom in the corymbose cluster atop of the flowering stalks from June to July. The Japanese name is derived from Fan Kuai who was a military general who lived in the early Western Han dynasty. 
愛知県豊橋市岩崎町「葦毛湿原」にて、2013年05月26日撮影。 

Shu Suehiro
shu@botanic.jp