Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) belongs to Grossulariaceae (the Gooseberry family). It is a diciduous shrub that is native to central, northern Europe and northern Asia. This shrub can reach 1-2 m in height. The leaves are alternate and divided into five lobes palmately. The flowers are reddish-green to brownish, produced in racemes, and bloom from April to May. The fruits are edible berries and ripen in dark purple, almost black in July to August. They are rich in vitamin C and anthocyanin.