Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) belongs to the Pinaceae (the Pine family). It is a tall evergreen tree that is native to western North America, from southern Alaska to California. This tree grows on coastal shorelines, dunes, bogs, rocky hilltops, and it can reach up to 20 m in height. The leaves are yellow-green to dark green needles, 2.5-7 cm long, in pairs. The fruits are lanceolate to ovate cones, 2.5-5 cm long, maturing in 2 years. Native Americans was used the roots for rope, bark for splints, and pitch for waterproofing or as a glue.