Salal (Gaultheria shallon) belongs to the family Ericaceae (the Azalea family). It is a evergreen shrub that is native to western North America, from southeastern Alaska and central British Columbia southward to southern California. This shrub grows in coniferous forests or thickets, and it is sprawling to erect, and can reach 50-200 cm in height. The leaves are leathery, shiny, dark green, ovate and finely serrated. The urn-shaped pink to white flowers bloom at a one-sided, bracteate raceme from March to June. The fruits are nearly spherical berries and ripen black-purple. The Native Americans had been used dried or smoked fruits as a food.