"Tsuru-shikimi" (Skimmia japonica var. intermedia f. repens) belongs to the Rutaceae (the Citrus family). It is an evergreen shrub that is distributed to Hokkaido, Tohoku district and westward from the Japan Sea side of Chubu district of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, as well as the southern Kril Islands and Sakhalin. It is a variety of Japanese skimmia (Skimmia japonica). This shrub grows in the mountain forests of heavy-snow region, and can reach about 50 cm in height. The bases of stems crawl on the grounds. The leaves are obovate-oblong, leathery and densely-arranged alternately at the terminal branches. The panicles are borne at the tip of stems and upper leaf-axils, and the pale rose pink to white flowers bloom in May through June. It is dioecious. The fruits are spherical drupes and ripen red in winter. It is also called "Tsuru-miyama-shikimi" in Japan.