The Allspice (Pimenta dioica) belongs to Myrtaceae (the Myrtle family). It is a semi-small evergreen tree that is native to the West Indies, Mexico and Central America. This tree grows in wooded hillsides, humid lowland woodland and savannahs, and up to a height of 6-12 m. The leaves are oblong, leathery and aromatic. The fruits are peppercorn-like drupes to 5-8 mm long. The dried unripe fruits are ground up into the cooking spice known as allspice. This tree was used as a spice in the Caribbean before the arrival of the Europeans. It has a deep aroma like a mixture of cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg.