Mulanje cycad (Encephalartos gratus) belongs to Cycadaceae (the Cycad family). It is a small evergreen tree that is native to Malawi and Mozambique. The trunks are usually single stems but also in clumps of up to 8 with suckers produced from the base. They are spherical or up to 1.2 m high and 60 cm wide. The numerous leaves are arched, oblanceolate or lineal, 0.9-1.8 m long and 34-44 cm wide. The leaflets are in 30-70 pairs; they are dull green, straight or bent forward. The basal leaflets are reduced to thorns. The female cones are cylindrical to conical, 55-68 cm long and 15-20 cm in diameter, and dark brown. The male cones are spindle-shaped, 30-40 cm long and 7.5-10 cm in diameter, and densely covered with reddish brown hairs.