The maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) belongs to Pinaceae (the Pine family). It is a tall evergreen tree that is native to south-western Europe and northern Africa. This tree grows on coastal sands, dunes, also on mountains inland, and can reach 20-35 m in height. The barks are reddish brown, and deep furrowed into scaly ridges. The leaves are yellowish green to bluish green, needle-like 20 cm long, stiff and arranged in pairs. The yellow male strobiles and red female strobiles are borne at the new branches in early summer. The fruits are conical strobiles, 10-20 cm long, green at first and ripen orange-tan after two years. The seeds are scattered gradually for some years or when they expose to heat in case of forest fire.