The bonnet pepper (Capsicum chinense) belongs to Solanaceae (the Eggplant family). It is a perennial herb that is a species of chili pepper native to Central America, the Yucatan region, and the Caribbean islands. Within Capsicum chinense, the appearance and characteristics of the plants can vary greatly. Its varieties are well known for their unique flavors and many have exceptional heat. It is the hottest peppers in the world. Typical varieties include Habanero, Bhut jolokia, Carolina reaper and so on.