The Alabama swamp flatsedge (Cyperus ligularis) belongs to Cyperaceae (the Sedge family). It is a perennial herb that is distributed to West and Central Africa, the Indian Ocean Islands and in South and Central America and the south-eastern United States. This herb grows in beaches, brackish marshes, mangrove swamps and disturbed soils and up to a height of 130 cm. The leaves are linear, v-shaped and glaucous. The flowers bloom in September to November. The inflorescence is an anthela (pseudo-umbel) with 5-12 rays of spikes. The spikes are ovate to nearly cylindrical, dark reddish brown, with many, tightly packed spikelets.