Forest gardenia (Gardenia thunbergia) belongs to the Rubiaceae (the Madder family). It is a small evergreen tree that is endemic to the southern and eastern regions of South Africa and neighbouring territories. This tree grows in forests or on forest margins, and up to 2-5 m in height. The leaves are glossy light green, thinly leathery, ovate to long-ovate, and arranged in whorls of 3 or 4 crowded near the ends of the branchlets. The flowers bloom during summer (October to March). They are large, showy, creamy white and heavily perfumed, particularly at night. The corolla is 8 large lobes spreading to 8 cm in diameter with 7-12 cm tubular base.