The jambolan (Syzygium cumini) belongs to Myrtaceae (the Myrtle family). It is a tall evergreen tree that is native to the Indian Subcontinent, adjoining regions of Southeast Asia, China and Queensland. This tree grows in tropical and subtropical forests, and up to 10-15 m in height. The leaves are pinkish when young, changing to a leathery, glossy dark green with a yellow midrib as they mature. The flowers are fragrant and small, about 5 mm in diameter, and bloom from March to April. The fruit has a combination of sweet, mildly sour and astringent flavor and tends to color the tongue purple. Jambolan is a very ancient fruit crop, cultivated for over 2,500 years. Now, it is widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics for its edible fruit.