The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) belongs to Arecaceae (the Palm family). It is a tall evergreen tree that probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling between Egypt and Mesopotamia. This palm is widely cultivated across Northern Africa, the Middle East, the Horn of Africa and South Asia. It typically reaches about 21-23 m in height, growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system. The leaves are 4-6 m long, with spines on the petiole, and pinnate, with about 150 leaflets. The date palm is dioecious. The fruits are ovate-cylindrical, 3-7 cm long, and about 2.5 cm in diameter, ripen in bright red to bright yellow. They are very sweet, containing about 75 percent of sugar when dried.