Red mulberry (Morus rubra) belongs to Moraceae (the Mulberry family). It is a tall deciduous tree that is native to eastern and central North America. This tree grows in shaded woods, stream or river banks, and up to 10-15 m in height. The leaves are alternate, broadly cordate, with a shallow notch at the base. They are noticeably rough on the upper surfaces, similar in texture to fine sandpaper, and densely covered with soft hairs on the undersides. The flowers are relatively inconspicuous; small, yellowish green or reddish green and blooming as leaves emerge. Male and female flowers are usually on separate trees although they may occur on the same tree. The fruit is a compound cluster of small achenes, similar in appearance to a blackberry. It is initially pale green, ripening to red or dark purple. The berries are edible and very sweet.