The gromwell (Lithospermum officinale) belongs to Boraginaceae (the Borage family). It is a perennial herb that is native from Europe east to Iran, the Caucasus and XinJiang in China. This herb grows in bushy places and woodland borders, and it can reach about 80 cm in height. The leaves are narrow-elliptic with acute tips, entire, sessile, and arranged in alternate. The whole plant is covered with rough hairs and euralia-like textured. The small yellowish-white flowers bloom atop of stems and upper axils from June to August. The whole plant is used as a traditional medicine in XinJiang.