The Green cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) belongs to Zingerberaceae (the Ginger family). It is an evergreen perennial herb that is native to southern India. It is cultivated widely in tropical regions, and its seeds are used as a spice called cardamom. It was first imported into Europe around 1300 BC. It grows to about 2-4 m in height. The leaves are alternate in two ranks, linear-lanceolate, 40-60 cm long, with a long pointed tip. The flowers are white to lilac or pale violet, produced in a loose spike 30-60 cm long. The fruit is a three-sided yellow-green pod 1-2 cm long, containing 15-20 black and brown seeds.