"Shiogama-giku" (Pedicularis esupinata var. oppositifolia) belongs to the Scrophulariaceae (the Figwort family). It is a perennial herb that is native from central-southern Hokkaido to Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, as well as the Korean Peninsula and north-eastern China. This herb grows in montane grasslands, and it can reach 30-60 cm in height. The leaves are narrow-ovate with acute doubly serrate margins, alternate at upper of stems and opposite at the underneath of stems. The magenta flowers bloom sideways-facing atop of stems from August to September. The upper lip has beak shaped tips, the lower lip extends transversally and is three-lobed.