The Doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) belongs to Aracaceae (the Palm family). It is a tall evergreen tree that is native to the Arabian Peninsula and the northern half of Africa. This tree grows in areas where groundwater is present and up to 17 m in height. It is a dioecious palm. The trunk can be measured 30 cm in diameter and the bark is fairly smooth, dark gray and bears the scars of fallen leaves. The leaves are fan shaped and measure about 120 by 180 cm with about 1 m long petioles. Male and female flowers are produced on separate trees. Female trees produce large woody fruits, each containing a single seed, that remain on the tree for a long period. The thin dried brown rind is made into molasses, cakes, and sweetmeats. The unripe kernels are edible.