The Turkish pine (Pinus brutia) belongs to Pinaceae (the Pine family). It is a tall evergreen tree that is native to the East Mediterranean, primarily in Turkey and eastern Greece. It generally grows at low altitudes, mostly from 600-1,200 m elavation, ant it can reach 20-35 m in height. The bark is orange-red, thick and deeply fissured at the base of the trunk, and thin and flaky in the upper crown. The leaves are needle-like and two par bundle, bright green to slightly yellowish green. The cones are stout, heavy and hard, 6-11 cm long, green at first, ripening glossy red-brown when 24 months old. The seeds have wings, and are mainly wind-dispersed.