Wild basil (Clinopodium vulgare) belongs to the Lamiaceae (the Mint family). It is a perennial herb that is distributed to most of Europe, in western and central Asia and in North Africa. This herb grows in dry grassland and heathland, usually on limestone or chalky soils, and up to a height of 25-75 cm. The leaves are hairy, ovate or lanceolate, and have bluntly-toothed margins. The small pink, violet or purple flowers bloom in dense clusters whorled at leaf axils, from July to September. Each flower has two lips, four stamens, a long style and fused carpels. The leaves of wild basil are used as an aromatic herb and to make a herbal tea.